Room by room Interior lighting design knowledage you should know before home decoration
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Room by room Interior lighting design knowledage you should know before home decoration



Renovating your own home is a big turning point in life, which means independence and the establishment of a new family.Always remind yourself not to relax, because occasional evasion, whether mental or action, you will bear the consequences for your future relaxation. Maybe you can't detect it, maybe you suffer in silence.


Science of lighting knowledge

1. "Spotlights and downlights" (beam angle)(what is down light,click to learn more from modern.place)

Many people think that it is the spotlights that protrude. The recessed lights are embedded in the ceiling. Anyway, the appearance looks the same, but the actual lighting effect is very different!
I believe that many Sumitomo's homes are more beautiful during the day than at night, because ceiling lights and downlights do not make the home more beautiful. If you only require lighting to illuminate the lights, the following articles can be ignored.

Spotlights have completely changed the modern lighting design. The demand for lighting design is not only bright. The light beam sense of spotlights, the spatial layering in the light and dark light and shadow, create a sense of the stage of the home, and at the same time give the objects that seem to have a sense of time stillness.
When it comes to the difference between spotlights and downlights, a key parameter, "beam angle", is mentioned. The beam angle is that 50% of the light of the entire lamp is within this angle. The beam angle is not a real angle, a real light spot It will be much larger than the marked beam angle (24°beam angle actual spot is around 48 °).
The concept of a spotlight that I define myself is a lamp with a beam angle of less than 45 °, and 24° is the angle that is most suitable for wall washing and home use. In general, at home, a spotlight can choose 24°.

Recommendations:
LOHASLED SPOTLIGHT
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2. Color temperature

This is the most entangled concept for novices! The home color temperature is generally between 2700K and 4000K.
The most troubling thing is whether to choose 3000K or 4000K! I will definitely choose 3500K! 3500K can definitely save color temperature selection difficulties! .

Different decoration styles, recommended color temperature:
  1. 2700K Chinese (carved rosewood mahogany sofa)
  2. 3000K New Chinese, Japanese, Southeast Asian, European palace, American
  3. 3500K Nordic, simplified, modern, minimalist, mashup
  4. 4000K Violent industrial wind
  5. 5000K, 6000K Rental style

Different color temperatures are compared together, low color temperature will turn yellow, high color temperature will turn blue.

3. Power

In addition to color temperature, the most frequently asked question is: "Will 8W in the bedroom be too bright?" "Which is 8W in the bedroom and 8W in the living room?" "I only have a light in my toilet, can I get a 20W?" ...

First of all, everyone has different sensitivity and requirements for brightness. I think it is very bright and you may feel too dark.

Let me first assume that you know how much power is required, the factory is willing to make different power for the same lamp for you when you have a very small number, you can distinguish the specific installation location of different power, etc., you also need to understand Different brands have different luminous efficiency and the range of luminous flux required for each space in the home.I think it's enough to worry about the decoration, but every lamp in my house has the same power. Don't complicate simple problems.
Generally speaking, the floor height is less than 3.5m, for home use, the embedded spotlight power is 5-8W, and the surface mounted spotlight and track light are 8-10W.

4. Color rendering

Color rendering is the ability of light to restore the color of an object. The light source with a full spectrum, the better the color rendering, and the closer the object is to the true color.
Color rendering is generally one of the most stringent requirements of the designer for the lamp. Generally, the color rendering of the light above 90Ra can be regarded as a high-quality spotlight. The designer who requires higher light generally looks at other color rendering parameters. You don't need to know much about this, just remember to pay attention to CRI≥90Ra when looking at the lights. Why not 95Ra, 97Ra? In general, the higher the color temperature, the more difficult it is to handle the color rendering. Chips of the same brand and model 2700K and 3000K can achieve CRI≥95Ra, while 3500K and 4000K can generally only achieve CRI≥90Ra.

5. Glare

Glare is simply dazzling light, which makes people feel uncomfortable light. Even a deep anti-glare spotlight will have glare directly under the spotlight.When designing lights, anti-glare has always been the starting point of my design. All spotlights must be designed and not direct. At home, we must first consider comfort before aesthetics, especially those with bear children need to pay attention.For example, above the sofa, above the pillow, above the chair, above the desk ... Use as few spotlights as possible, and use spotlights with adjustable angles as much as possible.
You said that you see a lot of Sumitomos sofa background wall headboard background painting is so beautiful, you have to wash the wall in order to take pictures beautiful, I ca nt stop you, just dont open it while sitting on the sofa lying on the bed, you said Do you have to drive? You are blind and irrelevant to me. And you have to run under the lamp to see it, I cant stop it or want to stop it.
The anti-glare of the spotlight itself is really super important!

No suspended ceiling or main light design


To do a more exquisite and perfect lighting without a main lamp, you need a suspended ceiling. It is difficult to do a good lighting effect without asuspended ceiling.
The current house is generally high and low. Many Sumitomo dont like suspended ceiling at home, and dont want to install headlights, crystal lights and ceiling lights. You can choose to use track lights + surface mounted spotlights + auxiliary lights (table lamps, fishing lights, wall lamps ...). To achieve the main lighting of the home.


Track light


Track light 


But it is very important to determine the position of the slotted line on the ceiling in advance. The slotted line on the ceiling is covered with yellow wax pipe. It is not recommended to use too many independent spotlights because the current floor is generally thin , And the slotted position is easier to crack in the future.

Track lights generally need to leave the power cord on one of the left and right ends. The length of the track is generally 0.5m ~ 2m. The combined length can be freely spliced according to the actual situation.

For track lights, it is recommended to choose black, because track lights are generally used for the original ceiling. The white track is exposed to the unevenness of the ceiling at once, and the white track generally has a color difference from the white of the ceiling, and the white track is still black. .

Light strip


In my opinion, the perfect lighting design without main light is the combination of spotlights and light strips. Spotlights bring a sense of atmosphere and light strips provide basic lighting. Many people still like the sense of space where the light strips are bright, and reasonable use of the light strips in some parts of the home can provide a comfortable diffuse lighting environment.
Let's talk briefly about the light strip, because the main focus is still on the spotlight. The current mainstream is to use T5 tube, and the traditional decoration is rarely used in the home decoration. Light strips often have positive light grooves and revers light grooves, and the revers light grooves need to be suspended from the ceiling, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Tips for light strips: In many places where curtain boxes are made, you can replace the curtain box with a revers light slot according to the actual situation. The light of the light strip is still beautiful on the curtains, but you need to leave the power supply in advance when doing hydropower.

Light circuit control

In lighting design, the design of the light switch circuit is very important. When doing hydropower, remember to do more circuits, try to control one spotlight within five spotlights, rationally distribute the lighting circuits, and let the lights combine different lighting effects and functions at different times and occasions.

Try not to control all lights with one or two switches, design the switch circuit according to the frequency of use, the arrangement of the moving lines and the distance from the switch, and design the combination of two or even three switches according to the living habits, which can be felt in daily life Humane care and reduce conflicts between husband and wife.

The biggest difference between the traditional downlight layout and the spotlight layout is the distance between the lamp and the wall. The downlight is generally arranged farther away from the wall, and the spotlight is generally closer to the wall.

The two most important distances for lighting layout are:

1. Distance from the wall

The wall here is not a real wall, but a facade that needs to be hit by light. In some places, there are cabinets, mirror cabinets, hanging cabinets and bookshelves, subject to the outermost facade distance. The distance from the wall refers to the distance from the center (not the edge) of the lamp to the wall. Generally speaking, the distance between embedded spotlights and surface mounted spotlights is 20 ~ 40cm from the wall, of which 25 ~ 30cm is the best for wall washing; track lights are 40 ~ 60cm away from the wall, of which 45cm is the best; linear spotlights (what the hell) Something?) 40 ~ 60cm away from the wall, of which 50 ~ 60cm is the best.
In general, it is easy to make a mistake in opening a hole. It is necessary to make a hole in the middle of the ceiling. Most workers do this. It is recommended here unless the distance from the wall above is just centered. Don't center the hole! It is very important to open a hole at a suitable distance.

2. Lamp spacing

The distance between lights is the distance between two lights. Generally, the distance between embedded spotlights and track lights is 50-200cm, and the linear spotlights are 110-140cm.
The distance between the lights is very large, why? Because it mainly depends on the actual site, the situation of each house is different. It is not that a good one meter, a difference of one centimeter or one millimeter, does not count as one meter. According to the actual situation on the construction site, first determine the location of the spotlights at both ends, and then make specific points according to the lengths of the two ends. Sometimes the mix of different lamp spacings will be stronger than the simple uniform design.

Regional layout method

1. Entrance

-Misunderstanding

The light is in the middle of the door.

Entrance

-Channel entrance

Generally, there will be a shoe cabinet and a shoe bench after the passageway entrance enters the door. Therefore, the lighting design does not focus on the door, but focuses on the cabinet. As the transition area between outdoor and indoor, the entrance can generally be matched with one or two spotlights and sensor light strips to match the lighting. If the lights are placed around the door, it will make people feel that the light above the head is too strong when entering the door, and it is easy to have shadows when undressing and changing shoes.

-Independent entrance

An independent entrance usually hangs a painting, a half-wall shoe cabinet, a sculpture, and an upright shoe cabinet opposite the entrance. At this time, the lighting should be focused on the place where the light needs to be focused, rather than placed in the center of the entrance or by the door.

-No entrance

Just like my home, the entrance is a living room of two hundred square meters. Just place the lamp in the middle of the door. For the child-mother door, the whole door should be the center of the whole.

2. Corridor

-Misunderstanding

Many homes will align the last lamp at the end of the corridor with the center of the last door. This is the most traditional downlight cloth lighting method. At this time, the last lamp will generally be about 50cm away from the wall. For embedded spotlights, this The distance is fatal.

Corridor
The corridor lighting is very simple. Generally, there will be some decorations at the end of the corridor. At this time, a spotlight is needed to illuminate. See the distance from the wall.
At the entrance of the corridor, you can center a door or a wall, determine the first lamp, and then determine the length according to the actual situation to determine the number of spotlights and then divide equally.

3. Dining room

-Misunderstanding

A headlight illuminates the entire restaurant, the dining room is very bright and the table is dark.

Dining room

The lighting of the restaurant is mainly based on and around the dining table. The dining table area is the only area where the main lamp is not recommended. It is generally recommended to buy a chandelier with a certain shading angle or capable of focusing. Anything on the food will look good.

The height of the pendant lamp is about 65cm from the table. If the height of the pendant lamp is not determined, the lowest point of the pendant lamp can be 130 ~ 160cm (don't be afraid of hitting the head, the dining table will be fine)

If you want to carry the main light to the end, the premise is that when the ceiling is full (it is really recommended to install a chandelier without the ceiling), you can install 2 small beam angles (within 10 °) above the dining table.

The wall on the side of the dining table, the door between the dining room and the kitchen, and the passage between the dining room and the balcony are generally evenly arranged with 2 to 3 shots. The corridor between the dining room and the living room is usually equipped with corridor lights.

4. Kitchen

-Misunderstanding

1) Lights are placed in the middle of the kitchen, and the light is blocked by your big head when you cook and cut vegetables. (The pit entry rate reaches 80%)
2) Flat lights are used in the kitchen ceiling. (The pit entry rate reaches 80%)
Regarding the quality of the integrated ceiling and gypsum board, everyone's needs and starting points are different. It can only be said that the aluminum buckle board and the gypsum board have their own advantages and disadvantages.
but! The use of spotlights in the kitchen and bathroom can definitely restore the dignity of the aluminum gusset, and can definitely save your aluminum gusset. At the same time, if you use a downlight, you will also ruin the gypsum board you worked so hard to do! Then I will reply to the question about whether the aluminum buckle plate can be opened or not.
When arranging lamp positions in the kitchen, you must consider high cabinets (60cm), refrigerators (70cm), hanging cabinets (40cm), and only countertops (0cm). Generally, the layout of the lamp positions must be planned in advance. The places with high cabinets are away from the wall 80. ~ 85cm, the place with refrigerator is 90 ~ 95cm away from the wall, the place with hanging cabinet is 55 ~ 60cm away from the wall, and only the countertop is 30cm away from the wall.


Kitchen

When arranging lamp positions in the kitchen, you must consider high cabinets (60cm), refrigerators (70cm), hanging cabinets (40cm), and only countertops (0cm). Generally, the layout of the lamp positions must be planned in advance. The places with high cabinets are away from the wall 80. ~ 85cm, the place with refrigerator is 90 ~ 95cm away from the wall, the place with hanging cabinet is 60 ~ 65cm away from the wall, and only the countertop is 30cm away from the wall.

-Chinese kitchen

In most kitchens, the sink will be placed on the side with windows, because gas stoves and cooker hoods need to be walled. Generally, some wall cabinets will be made, and then there is a golden operation area in the middle. To put it simply, the countertop with no hanging cabinets in the kitchen is located above the center of the countertop. It is generally about 30cm away from the wall. Where there is a hanging cabinet, the thickness of the hanging cabinet should be resered. The light position is about 65 to 70cm away from the wall.
As shown in the picture above, the kitchen is equipped with light positions. First, you must find the corner position with and without wall cabinets. It is 60 to 65 cm from the wall with wall cabinets and 30 cm from the wall without wall cabinets. The first lamp position. The second lamp position is generally in the refrigerator position. The refrigerator generally needs about 70cm with a plug, and the cabinet is only 60cm, so the second lamp position is generally in the refrigerator, about 90cm from the wall. Then according to the first corner lamp position, refrigerator lamp position, kitchen area, determine the number and arrangement of remaining lamp positions.

-Western kitchen

I believe that most people make Western-style kitchens in order to rely on the island platform to increase the value of the entire home, so island platform lighting is very important. The lighting of the island platform can also basically refer to the table lighting arrangement, and the chandelier or 2 to 3 spotlights can be selected according to the size of the island platform.


5. Toilet

-Misunderstanding

1) One main lamp gets lighting. Do you know what is pale? You know when a 6000K main light illuminates your toilet.
2) Flat lights are used for the integrated ceiling of the bathroom (the pit entry rate is up to 80%). Same as the kitchen, copy it for you to watch it again. Regarding the quality of the integrated ceiling and gypsum board, everyone's needs and starting points are different. It can only be said that the aluminum buckle board and the gypsum board have their own advantages and disadvantages. but! The use of spotlights in the kitchen and bathroom can definitely restore the dignity of the aluminum gusset, and can definitely save your aluminum gusset. At the same time, if you use a downlight, you will also ruin the gypsum board you worked so hard to do! Then I will reply to the question about whether the aluminum buckle plate can be opened or not.


Toilet

-Bedside

Above the pillow, it is recommended to either not directly place lights, or buy decorative chandeliers, wall lamps, and table lamps. Either use the linear spotlights as the sofa background wall (generally two are enough, the interval between the two lights of the 1.8m bed is about 1.4m, refer to the sofa background wall for details).
-Bedroom background wall
For the bedroom background wall, you can refer to the self-made golden ratio lighting method for the thighs of the TV background wall. 3 to 4 spotlights can also be divided equally.

-Wardrobe

Place 2 to 3 spotlights in front of the wardrobe. The interior of the wardrobe decides whether to put the light strips. This article focuses on the spotlight layout. There are many articles on the wardrobe light strips.

-Bay window

The bay window is usually used as a curtain box. If the bay window has a ceiling, the lights are arranged on the bay window. The first is to arrange two spotlights at a distance of about 60cm in the center of the bay window, and the second is to place the bay window at both ends of the bay window. One at each end about 30cm.

-Bedroom centre

Generally for a bedroom with a width of more than 4m, you can choose to move 10-40cm away from the head of the bedroom in the center of the bedroom, similar to the coffee table in the living room, and arrange two spotlights at a distance of 10-40cm side by side.

7. Cloakroom

-Misunderstanding

A main lamp gets the cloakroom.
Do you know that this is a waste of your cloakroom?


Cloakroom

According to the size of the cloakroom, whether it is an open or semi-open fully cloakroom, spotlights need to be arranged.

-Cloakroom type C

Generally pay attention to the two corners. Both sides of the cabinet are about 30cm with adjustable angle spotlights, and then the angle of the spotlights is left in the corner direction, so that there is more light in the wardrobe.

-Type II cloakroom

Generally, 2 or 3 spotlights can be placed in front of the cabinet.

8. Study

-Desk
Ordinary spotlights are not recommended above the desk. Under normal circumstances, the desk is used for work, study, reading, entertainment, and playing games. The spotlight above it should affect the game playing operation and affect the reading and writing of bear children. You can refer to the background wall of the sofa above the desk. Use 1 to 2 linear spotlights. Then use it with the lamp.
Those who often work from home can use the hanging line lights commonly used in the office.
Desks, office areas, recently developed a new office-specific pendant lamp. Two light-emitting methods, the downlight is evenly illuminated and the spotlight is partially illuminated. It is the best choice to put on the desk, desk, piano, and the value is very high!

Lighting method of desk pendant lamp

Lighting method of desk pendant lamp

Desk pendant lamp

Desk pendant lamp

-Bookcase

You can refer to the closet, and arrange 2 to 3 spotlights in front of the cabinet.

9. Balcony, storage room, laundry room

Just buy a few ceiling lights in these places, just bright enough.

May everyone illuminate their little family with energy.


Recommendations:
LOHAS LED LIGHTS FOR DINING ROOM

LOHAS LED LIGHTS FOR KITCHEN
LOHAS LED LIGHTS FOR BEDROOM
LOHAS LED LIGHTS FOR LIVING ROOM
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